Old Testament


tsur a cliff, bolder

seal lofty rock, fortress, strong hold, stone

min minniy minney a part of, from out of


Exodus 17:6 “Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock (tsur) in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink.  And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.”

Exodus 33:21 “And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock (tsur).”

Exodus 33:22 “And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock (tsur), and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by:”

Numbers 20:8 “Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock (tsur) before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock (tsur): so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.”

Numbers 20:10 “And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock (sela)?”

Numbers 20:11 “And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.”

Deuteronomy 8:15 “Who led thee through that great and terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery serpents, and scorpions, and drought, where there was no water; who brought thee forth water out of the rock (min minniy, minney) of flint;”

Deuteronomy 32:4 “He is the Rock (tsur), his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.”

Deuteronomy 32:15 “But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook God who made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock (tsur) of his salvation.”

Deuteronomy 32:18 “Of the Rock (tsur) that begat thee thou are unmindful, and hast forgotten God who formed thee.”

Deuteronomy 32:30 “How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock (tsur) had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up.”

Deuteronomy 32:31 “For their rock is not as our Rock (tsur), even our enemies themselves being judges.”

Judges 13:19 “So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered it upon a rock (tsur) unto the LORD: and the angel did wondrously, and Manoah and his wife looked on.”

I Samuel 2:2 “There is none holy as the LORD: for there is none beside thee: neither is there any rock (tsur) like our God.”

II Samuel 22:2 “And he said, The LORD is my rock (sela), and my fortress, and my deliverer;”

II Samuel 22:3 “The God of my rock (tsur); in him will I trust: He is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my savior; thou savest me from violence.”

II Samuel 22:32 “For who is God, save the LORD?  And who is a rock (tsur), save our God?”

II Samuel 22:47 “The LORD liveth; and blessed be my Rock; and exalted be the God of the rock (tsur) of my salvation.”

II Samuel 23:3 “The God of Israel said, the Rock (tsur) of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.”

Psalm 18:2 “The LORD is my rock (sela), and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.”

Psalm 18:31 “For who is God save the LORD?  Or who is a rock (tsur) save our God?”

Psalm 18:46 “The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock (tsur); and let the God of my salvation be exalted.”

Psalm 27:5 “For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock (tsur).”

Psalm 28:1 “A Psalm of David.  Unto thee will I cry, O LORD my rock (tsur); be not silent to me: lest, if thou be silent to me, I become like them that go down into the pit.”

Psalm 31:2 “Bow down thine ear to me; deliver me speedily: be thou my strong rock (tsur), for an house of defense to save me.”

Psalm 31:3 “For thou art my rock (sela) and my fortress; therefore for thy name’s sake lead me, and guide me.”

Psalm 42:9 “I will say unto God my rock (sela), Why hast thou forgotten me?  Why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?”

Psalm 61:2 “From the end of the earth will I cry unto thee, when my heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock (tsur) that is higher than I.”

Psalm 62:2 “He only is my rock (tsur) and my salvation; he is my defense; I shall not be greatly moved.”

Psalm 62:6 “He only is my rock (tsur) and my salvation; he is my defense; I shall not be moved.”

Psalm 62:7 “In God is my salvation and my glory: the rock (tsur) of my strength, and my refuge, is in God.”

Psalm 71:3 “Be thou my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: thou hast given commandment to save me; for thou are my rock (sela) and my fortress.”

Psalm 78:35 “And they remembered that God was their rock (tsur), and the high God their redeemer.”

Psalm 89:26 “He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock (tsur) of my salvation.”

Psalm 92:15 “To shew that the LORD is upright: he is my rock (tsur), and there is no unrighteousness in him.”

Psalm 94:22 “But the LORD is my defense; and my God is the rock (tsur) of my refuge.”

Psalm 95:1 “O come, let us sing unto the LORD; let us make a joyful noise to the rock (tsur) of our salvation.”

Isaiah 17:10 “Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock (tsur) of thy strength, therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips:”

Isaiah 51:1 “Hearken, to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look unto the rock (tsur) whence ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit whence ye are digged.”

New Testament –


petros – a piece of rock, part of a rock

petra – a mass of rock, large rock

lithos – stone, a detached stone or bolder


Matthew 7:24 “Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock (petra):”

Matthew 7:25 “And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock (petra).”

Matthew 16:18 “And I say also unto thee, That thou are Peter (petros), and upon this rock (petra) I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.”

Luke 6:48 “He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock (petra): and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock (petra).”

Romans 9:33 “As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumbling stone (lithos) and rock (petra) of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.”

I Corinthians 10:4 “And did drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock (petra) that followed them: and that Rock (petra) was Christ.”

I Peter 2:8 “And a stone (lithos) of stumbling, and a rock (petra) of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.”

I Peter 2:5-8 “Ye also, as lively (zao to live, life, quick) stones (lithos), are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.  Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner (akcrogonicios  corner, extreme corner) stone (lithos), elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.  Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone (lithos) which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head (kephale  head), of the corner (gonia an angle, corner, quarter) and a stone (lithos) of stumbling (proskomma a stub, offence, stumbling block), and a rock (petra) of offence (skandalon trap stick, snare, offence) even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.”


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