38:1-23 and 39:1-29

Nations Invading Israel

1.   Gog – High, mountain, a prince of Rosh (Son of Benjamin – Genesis 46:21), Meshech (The descendants of the son of Japeth, the Moschi or Mosochi), Tubal (The Tibarenes, Near the Black Sea and West of Colchis in present area of Russia) and Tiras ( A son of Japheth and his posterity in Tharacia; in ancient Scythia – belonging to Scythia or Tartary.  Ezekiel 38:2-4, 14-18; Ezekiel 39:1-6; 11-12; Revelation 20:8-9

2.   Magog – The descendants of Magog and their land, called Scythia, in the north of Asia and Europe.  Ezekiel 38:2; 39:6; Revelation 20:8-9.

3.   Meshech – The descendants of the son of Japeth, the Moschi or Mosochi. Ezekiel 27:13; 32:26; 38:2, 3.

4.   Tubal – The Tibarenes, South of Black Sea, and west of Colchis.  Ezekiel 27:13; 32:26; 38:2, 3; 39:1

5.   Persia – A country in Asia anciently called Elam, area of present day nation of Iran.  Ezekiel 37:10; 38:5.

6.   Ethiopia – Also known as Cush, the son of Ham.  Ezekiel 29:10; 30:4; 38:5.

7.   Libya – Also known as Put or Phut.  Ezekiel 30:5; 38:5.

8.   Gomer - The people descended from Gomer.  Located north of the Black Sea and South and West into Europe.  Ezekiel 38:6.

9.   Togarmah – Son of Gomer, son of Japheth.  Located the north of Armenia in Georgia and Russia. Ezekiel 27:14; 38:6.

Note: Other nations mentioned but they were not a part of the invasion:

1.   Sheba – Territory in Ethiopia, Africa.  Ezekiel 27:22, 23; 38:13.

2.   Dedan – An area near Edom near the Salt Sea (Dead Sea).  Ezekiel 25:13; 27:15, 20; 38:13.

3.   Tarshish – Ancient city or region in Spain Ezekiel 27:12; 38:13.

4.   With all young lions thereof – kephir meaning whelp.  Ezekiel 32:2, 38:13.

Intent of The Invading Nations

1.     Ezekiel 38:12-13 - Magog and its allies invade Israel to “take spoil and to take prey, silver, gold, cattle and goods.”

Historical Setting Before the Invasion

1.   Ezekiel 38:11 “Then thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of 1) unwalled villages; I will go to them that are 2) at rest, that 3) dwell safely, all of them 4) dwelling without walls, and 5) having neither bars nor gates.”

2.   Ezekiel 38:14 “In that day when my people of Israel 6) dwelleth safely, shalt thou not know it?”

God’s Judgment Upon the Invading Nations

1.   Ezekiel 38:1-22

v1: “And the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,”

v2: “Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,”

v3: “And say, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:”

v4: “And I will turn thee back, and put hooks (chach chachy = chain, ring) into thy jaws (lechi = cheek bone), and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armor, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:”

v5: “Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:”

v6: “Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee.”

v7: “Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them.”

v8: “After many days thou shalt be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into the land that is brought back from the sword, and is gathered out of many people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always waste: but it is brought forth out of the nations, and they shall dwell safely all of them.”

v9: “Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with thee.”

v10: “Thus saith the Lord God; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought:”

v11: “And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars, nor gates,”

v12: “To take spoil, and to take a prey; to turn thine hand upon the desolate places that are now inhabited, and upon the people that are gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land.”

v13: “Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions thereof, shall say unto thee, Art thou come to take a spoil?  Hast thou gathered thy company to take a prey?  To carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?”

v14: “Therefore, son of man, prophesy and say unto Gog, thus saith the Lord God; In that day when my people of Israel dwelleth safely, shalt thou not know it?”

v15: “And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou and many people with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company, and a mighty army:”

v16: “And thou shalt come up against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days, and I will bring thee against my land, that the heathen may know me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes.”

v17: Thus saith the Lord God; Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many years that I would bring thee against them?”

v18: “And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, saith the Lord God, that my fury shall come up in my face.”

v19: “For in my jealousy and in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel;”

v20: “So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.”

v21: “And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the Lord God; every man’s sword shall be against his brother.”

v22: “And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.”

2.   Ezekiel 39:1-20

v1: “Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against God, and say, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:”

v2: “And I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts, and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel:

v3: “And I will smite thy bow out of thy left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right hand.”

v4: “Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou, and all thy bands, and the people that is with thee: I will give thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field to be devoured.”

v5: “Thou shalt fall upon the open field: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord.”

v6: “And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the Isles; and they shall know that I am the Lord.”

v9: “And they that dwell in the cities of Israel shall go forth, and shall set on fire and burn the weapons, both the shields, and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the hand staves, and the spears, and they shall burn them with fire seven years:”

v10: “So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down any out of the forests; for they shall burn the weapons with fire: and they shall spoil those that spoiled them, and rob those that robbed them, saith the Lord God.”

v11: “And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will give unto Gog a place there of graces in Israel, the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea: and it shall stop the noses of the passengers: and there shall they bury Gog and all his multitude: and they shall call it the valley of Hamon-gog.”

v12: “And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they many cleanse the land.”

v13: “Yea, all the people of the land shall bury them; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, saith the Lord God.”

v14: “And they shall sever out men of continual employment, passing through the land to bury with the passengers those that remain upon the fact of the earth, to cleanse it: after the end of seven months shall they search”

v15: “And the passengers that pass through the land, when any seeth a man’s bone, then shall he set up a sign by it, till the buriers have buried it in the valley of Hamon-gog.”

v16: “And also the name of the city shall be Hamonah.  Thus shall they cleanse the land.”

v17: “And thou son of man, thus saith the Lord God; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood.”

v18: “Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.”

v19: “And ye shall eat fat till ye be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, of my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you.”

v20: “Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord God.”

God’s Blessings Upon Israel

1.   Ezekiel 38:23

v23: “Thus will I magnify myself, and sanctify myself; and I will be known in the eyes of many nations, and they shall know that I am the Lord.”

2.   Ezekiel 39:7-8

v7: “So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the Lord, the Holy One in Israel.”

v8: “Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord God; this is the day whereof I have spoken.”

3.   Ezekiel 39:21-29

v21: “And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.”

v22: “So the house of Israel shall know that I am the Lord their God from that day and forward.”

v23: “And the heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity: because they trespassed against me, therefore hid I my face from them, and gave them into the hand of their enemies: so fell they all by the sword.”

v24: “According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions have I done unto them, and hid my face from them.”

v25: “Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name;”

v26: “After that they have borne their shame, and all their trespasses whereby they have trespassed against me, when they dwelt safely in their land, and none made them afraid.”

v27: “When I have brought them again from the people, and gathered them out of their enemies’ lands, and am sanctified in them in the sight of many nations;”

v28: “Then shall they know that I am the Lord their God, which caused them to be led into captivity among the heathen: but I have gathered them unto their own land, and have left none of them anymore there.”

v29: “Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord God.”


(Note: Compare the differences in the invasion of Israel as recorded in Ezekiel 38:1- 39:29 to the invasion in Psalm 83:1-18.)

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