Hebrew:     terror-emah meaning terror

                              behalah meaning trouble, haste

                              ballahah meaning a worn out or wasted thing

                              biuthim meaning terrors

                              chogga meaning a cause of staggering

                              chittih meaning terror, fright

                              chittith meaning terror

                              chittah meaning terror, fright

                              magor meaning fear

                              magar meaning to cast down

                              mora meaning to fear

                              mechittah meaning cause of terror or ruin

                              maarailsah meaning violence, terror

                              pachad meaning fear, dread

                   terrify-baath meaning to terrify, frighten

                             chathath meaning to cause to break down, affright

                              arats meaning to fear, be afraid, terrified

Greek:       terror-phobos meaning fear

                  terrify-ekphobeo meaning to terrify exceedingly

                             ptoeomai meaning to be affrighted, terrified



1.     Genesis 16:12 “He (Ishmael) will be a wild donkey (wild-ass) of a man; his hand (yad=terror, lawless) against every one and every one’s hand (yad=terror, lawless) against him, and he will live in hostility toward all his brothers.”(Genesis 27:40 “by the sword thou (Esau) shall live”)

2.     Genesis 35:5 “And they journeyed: and the terror (chittah) of God was upon the cities that were round about them, and they did not pursue after the sons of Jacob.”

3.     Leviticus 26:16 “I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror (behalah), consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.”

4.     Deuteronomy 4:34 “Or hath God assayed to go and take him a nation from the midst of another nation, by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by an stretched out arm, and by great terrors (mora), according to all that the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes?

5.     Deuteronomy 20:3 “And shall say unto them, Hear, O Israel, ye approach this day unto battle against your enemies: let not you hearts faint, fear not, and do not tremble, neither be ye terrified (arats) because of them.”

6.     Deuteronomy 32:25 “The sword without, and terror (emah) within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling also the man of gray hairs.”

7.     Deuteronomy 34:12 “And in all that mighty hand, and in all the great terror (mora) which Moses shewed in the sight of all Israel.”

8.     Joshua 2:9 “And she said unto the men, I know that the Lord hath given you the land, and that your terror (emah) is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you.”

9.     Job 3:5 “Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify (baath) it.”

10.Job 6:4 “For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit: the terrors (biuthim) of God do set themselves in array against me.”

11.Job 7:14 “Then thou scarest me with dreams, and terrifiest (baath) me through visions:”

12.Job 9:34 “Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear terrify (baath) me:”

13.Job 18:11, 14Terrors (ballahah) shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.  His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors (ballahah).”

14.Job 20:25 “It is drawn, and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his fall: terrors (emah) are upon him.”

15.Job 24:17 “For the morning is to them even as the shadow of death: if one know them, they are in the terrors (ballahah) of the shadow of death.”

16.Job 27:20Terrors (ballahah) take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in the night.”

17.Job 30:15Terrors (ballahah) are turned upon me: they pursue my soul as the wind: and my welfare passeth away as a cloud.”

18.Job 31:23 “For destruction from God was a terror (pachad) to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.”

19.Job 33:7 “Behold, my terror (emah) shall not make thee afraid, neither shall my hand be heavy upon thee.”

20.Psalm 55:4 “My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors (emah) of death are fallen upon me.  Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and horror hath overwhelmed me.”

21.Psalm 73:19 “How are they brought to desolation, as in a moment!  They are utterly consumed with terrors (ballahah).”

22.Psalm 88:15-16 “I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer thy terrors (emah) I am distracted.  Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors (biuthim) have cut me off.”

23.Psalm 91:1-16 “He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the almighty.  I will say of the Lord, He is my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust.  Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, and from the noisome pestilence.  He will cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth shall be thy shield and buckler. Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror (pachad) by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day; Nor for the pestilence that walketh in darkness; nor for the destruction that wasteth at noonday.  A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand; but it shall not come nigh thee.  Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold and see the reward of the wicked.  Because thou hast made the Lord, which is my refuge, even the most High, thy habitation; There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.  They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.  Thou shall tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.  Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name.  He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honor him.  With long life will I satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.”

24.Isaiah 10:33 “Behold, the Lord, the Lord of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror (maaratsah): and the high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled.”

25.Isaiah 19:17 “And the land of Judah shall be a terror (chogga) unto Egypt, every one that maketh mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the Lord of hosts, which he hath determined against it.”

26.Isaiah 33:18 “Thine heart shall meditate terror (emah).  Where is the scribe?  Where is the receiver?  Where is he that counted the towers.”

27.Isaiah 54:14 “In righteousness shalt thou be established: thou shalt be far from oppression; for thou shalt not fear: and from terror (mechittah); for it shall not come near thee.”

28.Jeremiah 15:8 “Their widows are increased to me above the sand of the seas: I have brought upon them against the mother of the young men a spoiler at noonday: I have caused him to fall upon it suddenly, and terrors (behalah) upon the city.”

29.Jeremiah 17:17 “Be not a terror (mechittah) unto me: thou art my hope in the day of evil.”

30.Jeremiah 20:4 “For thus saith the Lord, Behold, I will make thee a terror (magor) to thyself, and to all thy friends: and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold it: and I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive into Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword.”

31.Jeremiah 32:21 “And hast brought forth thy people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and with wonders, and with a strong hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with great terror (mora);

32.Lamentations 2:22 “Thou hast called as in a solemn day my terrors (magor) round about, so that in the day of the Lord’s anger none escaped nor remained: those that I have swaddled and brought up hath mine enemy consumed.”

33.Ezekiel 21:12 “Cry and howl, son of man: for it shall be upon my people, it shall be upon all the princes of Israel: terrors (magar) by reason of the sword shall be upon my people: smite therefore upon thy thigh.”

34.Ezekiel 26:17, 21 “And they shall take up a lamentation for thee, and say to thee, How art thou destroyed, that wast inhabited of seafaring men, the renowned city, which was strong in the sea, she and her inhabitants, which cause their terror (chittith) to be on all that haunt it! I will make thee a terror (ballahah), and thou shalt be no more: though thou be sought for, yet shalt thou never be found again, saith the Lord God.”

35.Ezekiel 27:36 “The merchants among the people shall hiss at thee; thou shalt be a terror (ballahah), and never shalt be any more.”

36.Ezekiel 28:19 “All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished at thee: thou shalt be a terror (ballahah), and never shalt thou be any more.”

37.Ezekiel 32:23-25, 27, 30, 32 “Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror (chittith) in the land of the living. There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grace, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror (chittith) in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit.  They have set her a bed in the midst of the slain with all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword: though their terror (chittith) was caused in the land of the living, yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit; he is put in the midst of them that be slain.  And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though they were the terror (chittith) of the mighty in the land of the living. There be the princes of the north, all of them, and all the Zidonians, which are gone down with the slain; with their terror (chittith) they are ashamed of their might; and they lie uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword, and bear their shame with them that go down to the pit.  For I have caused my terror (chittith) in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that are slain with the sword, even Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord God.”



1.   Mark 16:5-6 “And entering into the sepulcher, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were affrighted (ekthambeo=to wonder greatly).  And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted (ekthambeo=to wonder greatly): Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him.”

2.   Luke 21:9 “But when ye shall hear (akouo=to give ear, hearken, hear) of wars and commotions (akatastasia=instability), be not terrified (ptoeomai): for these things must first come to pass; but the end is not by and by.”

3.   Luke 24:37 “But they were terrified (ptoeomai) and affrighted (ephobos=in fear), and supposed that they had seen a spirit.”

4.   Romans 13:3 “For rulers are not a terror (phobos) to good works, but to the evil.  Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power?  Do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:”

5.   II Corinthians 5:11 “Knowing therefore the terror (phobos) of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are made manifest unto God; and I trust also are made manifest in your consciences.”

6.   II Corinthians 10:9 That I may not seem as if I would terrify (ekphobeo) you by letters.”

7.   Philippians 1:28-29 “And nothing terrified (ptoeomai=to be affrighted, startled, terrified) by your adversaries (antikeimai=to be laid in opposition): which is to them an evident token of perdition (apoleia=loss, destruction), but to you of salvation (soteria=safety), and that of God.  For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer (pascho=to suffer, endure, experience) for his sake; Having the same conflict (agon=contest, struggle) which ye saw in me, and now hear to be in me.”

8.   I Peter 3:14 “But and if ye suffer for righteousness’ sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid(phobeomai=to fear, to be afraid) of their terror (phobos), neither be troubled (tarasso=to trouble, disturb, agitate);”

9.    Revelation 11:13 “And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted (ephobos=in fear), and gave glory to the God of heaven.”

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